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Illegal Logging

WWF defines illegal logging as occurring when timber is harvested or traded in violation of relevant national or sub-national laws or where access to forest resources or trade in forest products is authorized through corrupt practices.


Why is illegal logging harmful?

Illegal logging is unsustainable and harmful to the environment, wildlife and humans. Some of the key consequences of illegal logging include:

  • Many species experience loss of habitat.
  • Loss of income for people whose livelihoods depend on forests.
  • Loss of forest resources for local use, such as medicine, fuel wood, food and drinking water.
  • Governments can experience loss of revenue from taxes and duties.
  • By not paying taxes, illegal loggers are able to undercut market prices, creating unfair competition and causing a depression in world timber prices.
  • Deterioration of the law and corruption.

How can I make sure that the products I buy aren’t from illegally logged forests?

Always check the packaging of your products to ensure that they are certified by a credible source credible forest certification (like FSC) which ensures that the product has come from responsibly-managed forests that are sustainable sources of timber and paper products.

Which forest certifications are credible?

In 2006 WWF and the World Bank developed a Forest Certification Assessment Guide (FCAG) to assess the quality of certification schemes. Currently, the only forest certification scheme that adheres to the WWF standards is that of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

In 2010 Kleenex Cottonelle toilet paper received FSC certification, along with all other locally produced Kimberly-Clark tissue products including Kleenex Facial Tissue and Viva paper towel.